|Leaving the Hill
ow he bethought
himself of setting forward, and they were willing he should; but
first, said they, let us go again into the armoury: so they did. And
when he came there, they harnessed him from head to foot with what was
of proof, lest perhaps he should meet with assaults in the way. He,
being therefore thus equipped, walked out with his friends to the gate,
and there he asked the porter if he saw any pilgrims pass by; then the
porter answered, Yes.
Pray did you know him? said he.
Watchful, the Porter.
I asked him his name, and he told me it was FAITHFUL.
"Oh," said CHRISTIAN, "I know him; he is my townsman, my
near neighbour; he comes from the place where I was born. How far do you
think he may be before?"
He is got by this time below the hill.
"Well," said CHRISTIAN, "good porter, the Lord be with
thee, and add to all thy blessings much increase for the kindness that
thou hast showed to me!"
Then he began to go forward; but DISCRETION, PIETY, CHARITY, and
PRUDENCE, would accompany him down to the foot of the hill. So they went
on together, reiterating their former discourses, till they came to go
down the hill. Then said CHRISTIAN, "As it was difficult coming up,
so (so far as I can see) it is dangerous going down."
"Yes," said PRUDENCE, "so it is; for it is a hard matter
for a man to go down into the Valley of Humiliation, as thou art now,
and to catch no slip by the way; therefore," said they, "are
we come out to accompany thee down the hill." So he began to go
down, but very warily; yet he caught a slip or two.
Then I saw in my dream that these good companions, when CHRISTIAN was
gone down to the bottom of the hill, gave him a loaf of bread, a bottle
of wine, and a cluster of raisins; and then he went on his way.
ut now, in this
Valley of Humiliation, poor CHRISTIAN was hard put to it; for he had
gone but a little way, before he espied a foul fiend coming over the
field to meet with him; his name was APOLLYON. Then did CHRISTIAN begin
to be afraid, and to cast in his mind whether to go back or to stand his
ground. But he considered again, that he had no armour for his back, and
therefore thought that to turn the back to him might give him greater
advantage with ease to pierce him with his darts; therefore he resolved
to venture, and stand his ground. For, thought he, had I no more in mine
eye than the saving of my life, it would be the best way to stand.
So he went on, and APOLLYON met him. Now the monster was hideous to
behold; he was clothed with scales like a fish (and they are his pride);
he had wings like a dragon; feet like a bear; and out of his belly came
fire and smoke; and his mouth was as the mouth of a lion. When he was
come up to CHRISTIAN, he beheld him with a disdainful countenance, and
thus began to question with him:
Whence come you, and whither are you bound?
I am come from the city of Destruction, which is the place of all evil,
and am going to the City of Zion.
By this I perceive thou art one of my subjects; for all that country is
mine, and I am the prince and god of it. How is it, then, that thou hast
run away from thy king? Were it not that I hope thou mayest do me more
service, I would strike thee now at one blow to the ground.
I was born indeed in your dominions; but your service was hard, and your
wages such as a man could not live on, for the wages of sin is death;
- "For all have sinned, and come
short of the glory of God;"
therefore, when I was come to years, I did as other prudent persons do,
look out, if perhaps I might mend myself.
There is no prince that will thus lightly lose his subjects; neither
will I as yet lose thee. But since thou complainest of thy service and
wages, be content to go back; what our country will afford I do here
promise to give thee.
But I have let myself to another, even to the king of princes; and how
can I with fairness go back with thee?
Thou hast done in this according to the proverb, "changed a bad for
a worse"; but it is ordinary for those that have professed
themselves his servants, after awhile to give him the slip, and return
again to me: do thou so too, and all shall be well.
I have given him my faith, and sworn my allegiance to him; how then can
I go back from this, and not be hanged as a traitor?
Thou didst the same to me; and yet I am willing to pass by all, if now
thou wilt yet turn again and go back.
What I promised thee was before I came of age; and besides, I count that
the Prince under whose banner now I stand is able to absolve me; yea,
and to pardon also what I did as to my compliance with thee. And
besides, O thou destroying APOLLYON, to speak truth, I like his service,
his wages, his servants, his government, his company and country, better
than thine. Therefore leave off to persuade me further: I am his
servant, and I will follow him.
Consider again, when thou art in cold blood, what thou art like to meet
with in the way that thou goest. Thou knowest that for the most part his
servants come to an ill end, because they are transgressors against me
and my ways. How many of them have been put to shameful deaths! and
besides, thou countest his service better than mine, whereas he never
came yet from the place where he is, to deliver any that served him out
of our hands; but as for me, how many times, as all the world very well
knows, have I delivered, either by power or fraud, those that have
faithfully served me, from him and his, though taken by them--and so I
will deliver thee!
His forbearing at present to deliver them, is on purpose to try their
love, whether they will cleave to him to the end; and as for the ill end
thou sayest they come to, that is most glorious in their account. For,
for present deliverance, they do not much expect it; for they stay for
their glory, and then they shall have it, when their Prince comes in
his, and the glory of the angels.
Thou hast already been unfaithful in thy service to him; and how dost
thou think to receive wages of him?
Wherein, O APOLLYON, have I been unfaithful to him?
Thou didst faint at first setting out, when thou wast almost choked in
the Gulf of Despond; thou didst attempt wrong ways to be rid of thy
burden, whereas thou shouldst have stayed till thy Prince had taken it
off; thou didst sinfully sleep and lose thy choice thing; thou wast also
almost persuaded to go back at the sight of the lions; and when thou
talkest of thy journey, and of what thou hast heard and seen, thou art
inwardly desirous of vain-glory in all that thou sayest or doest.
All this is true; and much more which thou hast left out: but the Prince
whom I serve and honour is merciful and ready to forgive. But besides,
these infirmities possessed me in thy country; for there I sucked them
in, and I have groaned under them, been sorry for them, and have
obtained pardon of my Prince.
Then APOLLYON broke out into a grievous rage, saying, "I am an
enemy to this Prince: I hate his person, his laws, and people: I am come
out on purpose to withstand thee."
APOLLYON, beware what you do; for I am in the King's highway, the way of
holiness: therefore take heed to yourself!
Then APOLLYON straddled quite over the whole breadth of the way, and
said, "I am void of fear in this matter: prepare thyself to die!
for I swear by my infernal den that thou shalt go no farther; here will
I spill thy soul." And with that he threw a flaming dart at his
breast; but CHRISTIAN had a shield in his hand, with which he caught it,
and so prevented the danger of that. Then did CHRISTIAN draw, for he saw
't was time to bestir him; and APOLLYON as fast made at him, throwing
darts as thick as hail; by the which, notwithstanding all that CHRISTIAN
could do to avoid it, APOLLYON wounded him in his head, his hand, and
foot. This made CHRISTIAN give a little back; APOLLYON therefore
followed his work furiously, and CHRISTIAN again took courage, and
resisted as manfully as he could. This sore combat lasted for above half
a day, even till CHRISTIAN was almost quite spent. For you must know
that CHRISTIAN, by reason of his wounds, grew weaker and weaker.
Then APOLLYON, espying his opportunity, began to gather up close to
CHRISTIAN, and wrestling with him, gave him a dreadful fall: and with
that, CHRISTIAN'S sword flew out of his hand.
Then said APOLLYON, "I am sure of thee now";
and with that he had almost pressed him to death, so that CHRISTIAN
began to despair of life. But as God would have it, while APOLLYON was
fetching his last blow, thereby to make a full end of this good man,
CHRISTIAN nimbly reached out his hand for his sword, and caught it,
saying, "Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy; when I fall, I shall
- "Rejoice not against me, O
mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the
LORD shall be a light unto me."
and with that, gave him a deadly thrust, which made
him give back, as one that had received his mortal wound. CHRISTIAN
perceiving that, made at him again, saying, "Nay, in all these
things we are more than conquerors, through him that loved us".
- "Nay, in all these things we
are more than conquerors through him that loved us." Romans
And with that, APOLLYON spread forth his dragon's wings, and sped him
- "Submit yourselves therefore
to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you."
that CHRISTIAN for a season saw him no more.
In this combat no man can imagine, unless he had seen and heard as I
did, what yelling and hideous roaring APOLLYON made all the time of the
fight--he spake like a dragon; and, on the other side, what sighs and
groans burst from CHRISTIAN'S heart. I never saw him all the while give
so much as one pleasant look, till he perceived he had wounded APOLLYON
with his two edged sword, then, indeed, he did smile, and look upward;
but 'twas the dreadfullest sight that ever I saw!
So when the battle was over, CHRISTIAN said, "I will here give
thanks to him that hath delivered me out of the mouth of the lion, to
him that did help me against APOLLYON"; and so he did, saying:
"Great Beelzebub, the captain of this fiend,
Designed my ruin; therefore to this end
He sent him harnessed out, and he with rage
That hellish was, did fiercely me engage.
But blessed Michael helped me, and I,
By dint of sword did quickly make him fly:
Therefore to him let me give lasting praise
And thanks, and bless his holy name always!"
Then there came to him a hand, with some of the leaves of the tree of
life; the which CHRISTIAN took, and applied to the wounds that he had
received in the battle, and was healed immediately. He also sat down in
that place to eat bread, and to drink of the bottle that was given him a
little before. So being refreshed, he addressed himself to his journey,
with his sword drawn in his hand; for he said, "I know not but some
other enemy may be at hand." But he met with no other affront from
APOLLYON quite through this valley.
The Valley of the Shadow of Death
ow at the end of
this valley was another, called the Valley of the Shadow of Death;
and CHRISTIAN must needs go through it, because the way to the Celestial
City lay through the midst of it. Now this valley is a very solitary
place; the prophet Jeremiah thus describes it: "A wilderness, a
land of deserts and of pits, a land of drought, and of the shadow of
death; a land that no man (but a Christian) passeth through, and where
no man dwelt".
- "Neither said they, Where is
the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us
through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits,
through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a
land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?"
Now here CHRISTIAN was worse put to it than in his fight with APOLLYON,
as by the sequel you shall see.
I saw then in my dream, that when CHRISTIAN was got to the borders of
the shadow of death, there met him two men, children of them that
brought up an evil report of the good land, making haste to go back,
- "And they brought up an evil
report of the land which they had searched unto the children of
Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is
a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people
that we saw in it are men of a great stature."
to whom CHRISTIAN spake as follows:
Whither are you going?
The Two Men.
They said, "Back, back; and we would have you do so too, if either
life or peace is prized by you."
"Why, what is the matter?" said CHRISTIAN.
"Matter!" said they; "we were going that way as you are
going, and went as far as we durst; and indeed we were almost past
coming back, for had we gone a little farther, we had not been here to
bring the news to thee."
"But what have you met with?" said CHRISTIAN.
Why, we were almost in the Valley of the Shadow of Death;
- "Though thou hast sore broken
us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of
death." Psalm 44:19
"Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being
bound in affliction and iron;" Psalm
but that by good hap we looked before us, and saw the danger before we
came to it.
"But what have you seen?" said CHRISTIAN.
Seen! why the valley itself, which is as dark as pitch. We also saw
there the hobgoblins, satyrs, and dragons of the pit; we heard also in
that valley a continual howling and yelling, as of a people in
unutterable misery, who there sat bound in affliction and irons; and
over that valley hangs the discouraging clouds of confusion; death also
doth always spread his wings over it; in a word, it is every whit
dreadful, being utterly without order.
- "Let darkness and the shadow
of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of
the day terrify it." Job
"A land of darkness, as
darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any
order, and where the light is as darkness."
Then said CHRISTIAN, "I perceive not yet, by what you have said,
but that this is my way to the desired haven."
"Be it thy way, we will not choose it for ours." So they
parted, and CHRISTIAN went on his way; but still with his sword drawn in
his hand, for fear lest he should be assaulted.
I saw then in my dream, so far as this valley reached, there was on the
right hand a very deep ditch; that ditch is it into which the blind have
led the blind in all ages, and have both there miserably perished.
Again; behold, on the left hand there was very dangerous quagmire, into
which, if even a good man falls, he can find no bottom of his foot to
stand on. Into that quag King David once did fall; and had no doubt
therein been smothered, had not he that is able plucked him out.
- "Deliver me out of the mire,
and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and
out of the deep waters." Psalm
The pathway was here also exceeding narrow, and therefore good CHRISTIAN
was the more put to it; for when he sought in the dark to shun the ditch
on the one hand, he was ready to tip over into the mire on the other;
also when he sought to escape the mire, without great carefulness, he
would be ready to fall into the ditch. Thus he went on, and I heard him
here sigh bitterly; for besides the dangers mentioned above, the pathway
was here so dark, that oft times when he lift up his foot to set
forward, he knew not where, or upon what, he should set it next.
About the midst of this valley I perceived the mouth of hell to be; and
it stood also hard by the wayside. Now, thought CHRISTIAN, what shall I
do? And ever and anon the flame and smoke would come out in such
abundance, with sparks and hideous noises (things that cared not for
CHRISTIAN's sword, as did APOLLYON before), that he was forced to put up
his sword, and betake himself to another weapon, called "All
- "Praying always with all
prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with
all perseverance and supplication for all saints;"
So he cried in my hearing, "O Lord, I beseech Thee, deliver my
- "Then called I upon the name
of the LORD; O LORD, I beseech thee, deliver my soul."
Thus he went on a great while; yet still the flames would be reaching
toward him. Also he heard doleful voices and rushings to and fro; so
that sometimes he thought he should be torn in pieces, or trodden down
like mire in the streets. This frightful sight was seen, and these
dreadful noises were heard, by him for several miles together; and
coming to a place where he thought he heard a company of fiends coming
forward to meet him, he stopped, and began to muse what he had best to
do. Sometimes he had half a thought to go back; then again he thought he
might be halfway through the valley. He remembered also how he had
already vanquished many a danger, and that the danger of going back
might be much more than for to go forward: so he resolved to go on. Yet
the fiends seemed to come nearer and nearer; but when they were come
even almost at him, he cried out with a most vehement voice, "I
will walk in the strength of the Lord God"; so they gave back, and
came no farther.
One thing I would not let slip; I took notice that now poor CHRISTIAN
was so confounded, that he did not know his own voice. And thus I
perceived it: just when he was come over against the mouth of the
burning pit, one of the wicked ones got behind him, and stept up softly
to him; and whisperingly suggested many grievous blasphemies to
him--which he verily thought had proceeded from his own mind. This put
CHRISTIAN more to it than anything that he met with before, even to
think that he should now blaspheme him that he loved so much before! Yet
could he have helped it, he would not have done it; but he had not the
discretion neither to stop his ears, nor to know from whence those
When CHRISTIAN had travelled in this disconsolate condition some
considerable time, he thought he heard the voice of a man, as going
before him, saying, "Though I walk through the valley of the shadow
of death, I will fear no evil; for Thou art with me".
- "Yea, though I walk through
the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art
with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me."
Then was he glad; and that for these reasons:
First, because he gathered from thence that some who feared God were in
this valley as well as himself.
Secondly, for that he perceived God was with them, though in that dark
and dismal state; and why not with me, thought he, though, by reason of
the impediment that attends this place, I cannot perceive it?
- "Lo, he goeth by me, and I see
him not: he passeth on also, but I perceive him not."
Thirdly, for that he hoped (could he overtake them) to have company by
and by. So he went on, and called to him that was before; but he knew
not what to answer, for that he also thought himself to be alone. And by
and by the day broke; then said CHRISTIAN, "He hath turned the
shadow of death into the morning".
- "Seek him that maketh
the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the
morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the
waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth:
The LORD is his name:" Amos
Now, morning being come, he looked back; not out of desire to return,
but to see by the light of the day, what hazards he had gone through in
the dark. So he saw more perfectly the ditch that was on the one hand,
and the quag that was on the other; also how narrow the way was which
lay betwixt them both. Also now he saw the hobgoblins, and satyrs, and
dragons of the pit; but all afar off, for after break of day they came
not nigh. Yet they were discovered to him according to that which is
written, "He discovers deep things out of darkness and brings out
to light the shadow of death".
- "He discovereth deep things
out of darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of
death." Job 12:22
Now was CHRISTIAN much affected with his deliverance from all the
dangers of his solitary way; which dangers, though he feared them more
before, yet he saw them more clearly now, because the light of the day
made them conspicuous to him. About this time the sun was rising--and
this was another mercy to CHRISTIAN; for you must note that, though the
first part of the valley of the shadow of death was dangerous, yet this
second part, through which he was yet to go, was, if possible, far more
dangerous: for from the place where he now stood, even to the end of the
valley, the way was all along set so full of snares, traps, gins, and
nets here, and so full of pits, pitfalls, deep holes, and ledges down
there, that had it now been dark, as it was when he came the first part
of the way, had he had a thousand souls, they had in reason been cast
away. But, as I said just now, the sun was rising. Then said he,
"His candle shines on my head; and by his light I go through
- "When his candle shined upon
my head, and when by his light I walked through
darkness;" Job 29:3
In this light therefore; he came to the end of the valley. Now I saw in
my dream, that at the end of this valley lay blood, bones, ashes, and
mangled bodies of men, even of pilgrims that had gone this way formerly:
and while I was musing what should be the reason, I espied a little
before me a cave, where two giants, POPE and PAGAN, dwelt in old time,
by whose power and tyranny, the men whose bones, blood, ashes, etc., lay
there, were cruelly put to death. But by this place CHRISTIAN went
without much danger; whereat I somewhat wondered. But I have learnt
since, that PAGAN had been dead many a day; and as for the other, though
he be yet alive, he is, by reason of age, and also of the many shrewd
brushes that he met with in his younger days, grown so crazy and stiff
in his joints, that he can now do little more than sit in his cave's
mouth grinning at pilgrims as they go by, and biting his nails, because
he cannot come at them.
So I saw that CHRISTIAN went on his way; yet at the sight of the old man
that sat in the mouth of the cave he could not tell what to think,
especially because he spake to him--though he could not go after
him--saying, "You will never mend, till more of you be
burned." But he held his peace, and set a good face on it; and so
went by, and received no hurt. Then sang CHRISTIAN:
"Oh, world of wonders !--I can say no less--
That I should be preserved in that distress
That I have met with here! Oh, blessed be
That hand that from it hath delivered me ·
Dangers in darkness, devils, hell, and sin,
Did compass me, while I this vale was in:
Yea, snares, and pits, and traps, and nets, did lie
My path about, that worthless silly I
Might have been caught, entangled, and cast down:
But since I live, let Jesus wear the crown!"