ow I saw in my
dream, that the highway up which CHRISTIAN was to go was fenced on
either side with a wall; and that wall was called "Salvation".
- "In that day shall this song
be sung in the land of Judah; We have a strong city; salvation will God
appoint for walls and bulwarks." Isaiah
Up this way, therefore, did burdened CHRISTIAN run; but not without
great difficulty, because of the load on his back.
He ran thus till he came at a place somewhat ascending; and upon that
place stood a Cross, and a little below, in the bottom, a sepulchre. So
I saw in my dream, that just as CHRISTIAN came up to the cross, his
burden loosed from off his shoulders, and fell from off his back, and
began to tumble; and so continued to do till it came to the mouth of the
sepulchre, where it fell in, and I saw it no more.
Then was CHRISTIAN glad and lightsome, and said, with
a merry heart,
"He hath given me rest by his sorrow,
And life by his death."
Then he stood still awhile to look and wonder; for it was very
surprising to him, that the sight of the cross should thus ease him of
his burden. He looked therefore, and looked again, even till the springs
that were in his head sent the waters down his cheeks.
- "And I will pour upon the
house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of
grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they
have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his
only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is
in bitterness for his firstborn."
Now, as he stood looking and weeping, behold three shining ones came to
him, and saluted him with, "Peace be to thee!" so the first
said to him, "Thy sins be forgiven thee";
- "When Jesus saw their faith,
he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven
the second stripped him of his rags, and clothed him with change of
- "And he answered and spake
unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy
garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine
iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of
raiment." Zechariah 3:4
the third also set a mark in his forehead, and gave him a roll with a
seal upon it,
- "In whom ye also trusted,
after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation:
in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy
Spirit of promise" Ephesians 1:13
which he bade him look on as he ran, and that he should give it in at
the Celestial Gate: so they went their way. Then CHRISTIAN gave three
leaps for joy, and went on singing:
"Thus far did I come laden with my sin,
Nor could aught ease the grief that I was in,
Till I came hither. What a place is this!
Must here be the beginning of my bliss!
Must here the burden fall from off my back!
Must here the strings that bound it to me crack!
Blest cross! blest sepulchre! blest rather be
The Man that there was put to shame for me!"
Simple, Sloth and Presumption
saw then in my
dream that he went on thus even until he came at the bottom, where
he saw, a little out of the way, three men fast asleep, with fetters
upon their heels. The name of the one was SIMPLE, another SLOTH, and the
CHRISTIAN then seeing them lie in this case, went to them, if
peradventure he might awake them, and cried, "You are like them
that sleep on the top of a mast, for the Dead Sea is under you, a gulf
that hath no bottom.
- "Yea, thou shalt be as he that
lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top
of a mast." Proverbs
Awake therefore, and come away; be willing also, and I will help you off
with your irons." He also told them, "If he that goes about
like a roaring lion comes by, you will certainly become a prey to his
- "Be sober, be vigilant;
because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about,
seeking whom he may devour:" 1
With that they looked upon him, and began to reply in this sort:
said, "I see no danger."
said, "Yet a little more sleep."
said, "Every vat must stand upon its own bottom."
And so they lay down to sleep again; and CHRISTIAN went on his way.
Formalist and Hypocrisy
et was he troubled
to think, that men in that danger should so little esteem the
kindness of him that so freely offered to help them: both by awakening
of them, counselling of them, and proffering to help them off with their
irons. And as he was troubled thereabout, he espied two men come
tumbling over the wall, on the left hand of the narrow way, and they
made up apace to him. The name of the one was FORMALIST, and the name of
the other HYPOCRISY. So, as I said, they drew up unto him, who thus
entered with them into discourse.
Gentlemen, whence came you, and whither do you go?
Formalist and Hypocrisy.
We were born in the land of Vain-glory, and are going for praise to
Why came you not in at the gate which stands at the beginning of the
way? Know you not that it is written, that "he that enters not in
by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a
- "Verily, verily, I say unto
you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but
climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber."
Form. and Hyp.
They said, that to go to the gate for entrance was by all their
countrymen counted too far about; and that therefore their usual way was
to make a short cut of it, and to climb over the wall as they had done.
But will it not be counted a trespass against the Lord of the city
whither we are bound, thus to violate his revealed will?
Form. and Hyp.
They told him that, as for that, he needed not to trouble his head
thereabout; for what they did they had custom for, and could produce, if
need were, testimony that would witness it, for more than a thousand
"But," said CHRISTIAN, "will your practice stand a trial
Form. and Hyp.
They told him, that custom, it being of so long a standing as above a
thousand years, would doubtless now be admitted as a thing legal by any
impartial judge. And besides, said they, so be we get into the way,
what's matter which way we get in? If we are in, we are in: thou art but
in the way, who, as we perceive, came in at the gate; and we are also in
the way, that came tumbling over the wall. Wherein now is thy condition
better than ours?
I walk by the rule of my Master; you walk by the rude working of your
fancies. You are counted thieves already by the Lord of the way,
therefore I doubt you will not be found true men at the end of the way.
You come in by yourselves without his direction, and shall go by
yourselves without his mercy.
To this they made but little answer, only they bid him look to himself.
Then I saw that they went on every man in his way, without much
conference one with another, save that these two men told CHRISTIAN,
that as to laws and ordinances, they doubted not but they should as
conscientiously do them as he. "Therefore," said they,
"we see not wherein thou differest from us, but by the coat that is
on thy back; which was, as we think, given thee by some of thy
neighbours to hide the shame of thy nakedness."
By laws and ordinances you will not be saved, since you came not in by
- "Knowing that a man is not
justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ,
even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by
the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the
works of the law shall no flesh be justified."
And as for this coat that is on my back, it was given me by the Lord of
the place whither I go; and that, as you say, to cover my nakedness
with. And I take it as a token of his kindness to me, for I had nothing
but rags before. And besides, thus I comfort myself as I go: Surely,
think I, when I come to the gate of the city, the Lord thereof will know
me for good, since I have his coat on my back, a coat that he gave me
freely in the day that he stripped me of my rags. I have, moreover, a
mark in my forehead, of which, perhaps, you have taken no notice, which
one of my Lord's most intimate associates fixed there in the day that my
burden fell off my shoulders. I will tell you, moreover, that I had then
given me a roll sealed, to comfort me by reading as I go in the way; I
was also bidden to give it in at the Celestial Gate, in token of my
certain going in after it: all which things I doubt you want, and want
them because you came not in at the gate.
To these things they gave him no answer, only they looked upon each
other and laughed. Then I saw that they all went on, save that CHRISTIAN
kept before, who had no more talk but with himself, and that sometimes
sighingly, and sometimes comfortably; also he would be often reading in
the roll that one of the shining ones gave him, by which he was
I beheld, then, that they all went on till they came to the foot of the
hill "Difficulty," at the bottom of which was a spring. There
were also in the same place two other ways besides that which came
straight from the gate; one turned to the left hand, and the other to
the right, at the bottom of the hill: but the narrow way lay right up
the hill (and the name of the going up the side of the hill is called
Difficulty). CHRISTIAN now went to the spring, and drank thereof to
- "They shall not hunger nor
thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath
mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he
guide them." Isaiah 49:10
and then began to go up the hill, saying:
"This hill, though high, I covet to ascend;
The difficulty will not me offend,
For I perceive the way to life lies here:
Come, pluck up, heart, let's neither faint nor fear!
Better, though difficult, the right way to go,
Than wrong, though easy, where the end is woe."
The other two also came to the foot of the hill. But when they saw that
the hill was steep and high, and that there were two other ways to go;
and supposing also that these two ways might meet again with that up
which CHRISTIAN went, on the other side of the hill, therefore they were
resolved to go in those ways (now the name of one of those ways was
"Danger," and the name of the other "Destruction").
So the one took the way which is called Danger, which led him into a
great wood; and the other took directly up the way to Destruction, which
led him into a wide field full of dark mountains, where he stumbled and
fell, and rose no more.
Timorous and Mistrust
looked then after
CHRISTIAN, to see him go up the hill, when I perceived he fell from
running to going, and from going to clambering upon his hands and his
knees, because of the steepness of the place. Now about the midway to
the top of the hill was a pleasant arbour, made by the Lord of the hill,
for the refreshment of weary travellers. Thither, therefore, CHRISTIAN
got, where also he sat down to rest. Then he pulled his roll out of his
bosom, and read therein to his comfort; he also now began afresh to take
a review of the coat or garment that was given him as he stood by the
cross. Thus pleasing himself awhile, he at last fell into a slumber, and
thence into a fast sleep which detained him in that place until it was
almost night, and in his sleep his roll fell out of his hand. Now as he
was sleeping, there came one to him, and awaked him, saying, "Go to
the ant, thou sluggard: consider her ways, and be wise".
- "Go to the ant, thou sluggard;
consider her ways, and be wise:" Proverbs
And with that, CHRISTIAN suddenly started up, and sped him on his way,
and went apace till he came to the top of the hill.
Now when he was got up to the top of the hill, there came two men
running against him furiously.
The name of the one was TIMOROUS, and the name of the
other MISTRUST; to whom CHRISTIAN said, "Sirs, what's the matter?
You run the wrong way!"
answered that they were going to the City of Zion, and had got up that
difficult place; "but," said he, "the farther we go, the
more danger we meet with: wherefore we turned, and are going back
"Yes," said MISTRUST; "for just before us lie a couple of
lions in the way--whether sleeping or waking we know not,--and we could
not think, if we came within reach, but they would presently pull us in
Then said CHRISTIAN, "You make me afraid; but whither shall I fly
to be safe? If I go back to mine own country, that is prepared for fire
and brimstone--and I shall certainly perish there! If I can get to the
celestial city, I am sure to be in safety there. I must venture: to go
back is nothing but death; to go forward is fear of death, and life
everlasting beyond it! I will yet go forward!
Sleep in the Daytime
o MISTRUST and
TIMOROUS ran down the hill; and CHRISTIAN went on his way. But
thinking again of what he heard from the men, he felt in his bosom for
his roll, that he might read therein, and be comforted; but he felt, and
found it not. Then was CHRISTIAN in great distress, and knew not what to
do; for he wanted that which used to relieve him, and that which should
have been his pass into the Celestial City. Here, therefore, he began to
be much perplexed, and knew not what to do; at last he bethought himself
that he had slept in the arbour that is on the side of the hill: and
falling down upon his knees, he asked God forgiveness for that his
foolish act, and then went back to look for his roll. But all the way he
went back, who can sufficiently set forth the sorrow of CHRISTIAN'S
heart? sometimes he sighed; sometimes he wept; and often times he chided
himself for being so foolish as to fall asleep in that place, which was
erected only for a little refreshment from his weariness.
Thus therefore, he went back; carefully looking on this side and on
that, all the way as he went, if happily he might find his roll, that
had been his comfort so many times in his journey. He went thus till he
came again within sight of the arbour where he sat and slept; but that
sight renewed his sorrow the more, by bringing again even afresh his
evil of sleeping into his mind. Thus therefore, he now went on bewailing
his sinful sleep, saying, "Oh, wretched man that I am, that I
should sleep in the daytime! that I should sleep in the midst of
- "For they that sleep sleep in
the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night. But
let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of
faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation." 1
Thessalonians 5:7, 8
"Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou
hast left thy first love. Remember therefore from whence thou art
fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto
thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place,
except thou repent." Revelation
that I should so indulge the flesh, as to use that rest for ease to my
flesh, which the Lord of the hill hath erected only for the relief of
the spirits of pilgrims! How many steps have I taken in vain! (thus it
happened to Israel; for their sin they were sent back again by the way
of the Red Sea); and I am made to tread those steps with sorrow, which I
might have trod with delight, had it not been for this sinful sleep. How
far might I have been on my way by this time! I am made to tread those
steps thrice over which I needed not to have trod but once: yea, now
also I am like to be benighted, for the day is almost spent. Oh that I
had not slept!"
Now by this time he was come to the arbour again,
where for a while he sat down and wept; but at last (as CHRISTIAN would
have it) looking sorrowfully down under the settle, there he espied his
roll, the which he with trembling and haste caught up, and put into his
bosom; but who can tell how joyful this man was when he had gotten his
roll again! For this roll was the assurance of his life and acceptance
at the desired haven. Therefore he laid it up in his bosom; gave thanks
to God for directing his eye to the place where it lay; and with joy and
tears betook himself again to his journey. But oh, how nimbly now did he
go up the rest of the hill! Yet before he got up, the sun went down upon
CHRISTIAN; and this made him again recall the vanity of his sleeping,
and thus he again began to condole with himself: "Oh, thou sinful
sleep! how for thy sake am I like to be benighted in my journey! I must
walk without the sun; darkness must cover the path of my feet; and I
must hear the noise of the doleful creatures-- because of my sinful
sleep!" Now also he remembered the story that MISTRUST and TIMOROUS
told him of--how they were frightened with the sight of the lions. Then
said CHRISTIAN to himself again, "These beasts range in the night
for their prey; and if they should meet with me in the dark, how should
I shift them? how should I escape being by them torn in pieces?"
Thus he went on his way; but while he was thus bewailing his unhappy
miscarriage, he lift up his eyes, and behold, there was a very stately
palace before him, the name of which was "Beautiful," and it
stood just by the highway side.
Entering the Palace
o I saw in my
dream that he made haste and went forward, that if possible he might
get lodging there. Now before he had gone far, he entered into a very
narrow passage, which was about a furlong off of the porter's lodge;
and, looking very narrowly before him as he went, he espied two lions in
Now, thought he, I see the dangers by which MISTRUST
and TIMOROUS were driven back. (The lions were chained; but he saw not
the chains.) Then he was afraid, and thought also himself to go back
after them; for he thought nothing but death was before him. But the
porter at the lodge, whose name is WATCHFUL, perceiving that CHRISTIAN
made a halt, as if he would go back, cried unto him, saying, "Is
thy strength so small?
- "And he said unto them, Why
are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith?" Mark
fear not the lions; for they are chained, and are placed there for trial
of faith where it is; and for discovery of those that have none: keep in
the midst of the path, and no hurt shall come unto thee!"
Then I saw that he went on, trembling for fear of the lions, but taking
good heed to the directions of the porter. He heard them roar; but they
did him no harm. Then he clapped his hands, and went on till he came and
stood before the gate where the porter was. Then said CHRISTIAN to the
porter, "Sir, what house is this? and may I lodge here
tonight?" The porter answered, "This house was built by the
Lord of the hill; and he built it for the relief and security of
pilgrims." The porter also asked whence he was, and whither he was
I am come from the city of Destruction, and am going to Mount Zion; but
because the sun is now set, I desire, if I may, to lodge here tonight.
Watchful, the Porter.
What is your name?
My name is now CHRISTIAN; but my name at the first was GRACELESS: I came
of the race of Japheth, whom God will persuade to dwell in the tents of
- "God shall enlarge Japheth,
and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his
servant." Genesis 9:27
But how doth it happen that you come so late? the sun is set!
I had been here sooner; but that--wretched man that I am--I slept by the
arbour that stands on the hillside. Nay, I had, notwithstanding that,
been here much sooner, but that in my sleep I lost my evidence, and came
without it to the brow of the hill; and then, feeling for it, and
finding it not, I was forced, with sorrow of heart, to go back to the
place where I slept my sleep, where I found it, and now I am come.
Well, I will call out one of the virgins of this place, who will, if she
likes your talk, bring you in to the rest of the family, according to
the rules of the house. So WATCHFUL the porter rang a bell; at the sound
of which, came out at the door of the house a grave and beautiful
damsel, named DISCRETION, and asked why she was called.
answered, "This man is in a journey from the city of Destruction to
Mount Zion; but being weary and benighted, he asked me if he might lodge
here tonight: so I told him I would call for thee, who, after discourse
had with him, mayest do as seemeth thee good, even according to the law
of the house."
Then she asked him whence he was, and whither he was going: and he told
her. She asked him also how he got into the way: and he told her. Then
she asked him what he had seen and met with in the way: and he told her.
And last, she asked his name: so he said, "It is CHRISTIAN; and I
have so much the more a desire to lodge here tonight, because, by what I
perceive, this place was built by the Lord of the hill for the relief
and security of pilgrims." So she smiled, but the water stood in
her eyes; and after a little pause, she said, "I will call forth
two or three more of the family." So she ran to the door, and
called out PRUDENCE, PIETY, and CHARITY, who, after a little more
discourse with him, had him in to the family, and many of them meeting
him at the threshold of the house, said, "Come in, thou blessed of
the Lord! this house was built by the Lord of the hill on purpose to
entertain such pilgrims in." Then he bowed his head, and followed
them into the house. So when he was come in, and set down, they gave him
something to drink; and consented together that, until supper was ready,
some of them should have some particular discourse with CHRISTIAN, for
the best improvement of time: and they appointed PIETY, and PRUDENCE,
and CHARITY, to discourse with him; and thus they began:
CHRISTIAN, since we have been so loving to you, as to receive you
into our house this night, let us, if perhaps we may better ourselves
thereby, talk with you of all things that have happened to you in your
With a very good will; and I am glad that you are so well disposed.
What moved you at first to betake yourself to a pilgrim's life?
I was driven out of my native country by a dreadful sound that was in
mine ears, to wit, that unavoidable destruction did attend me if I abode
in that place where I was.
But how did it happen that you came out of your country this way?
It was as God would have it; for when I was under the fears of
destruction, I did not know whither to go; but by chance there came a
man, even to me (as I was trembling and weeping), whose name is
EVANGELIST, and he directed me to the Wicket gate, which else I should
never have found; and so set me into the way that hath led me directly
to this house.
But did you not come by the house of the INTERPRETER?
Yes, and did see such things there, the remembrance of which will stick
by me as long as I live; especially three things: to wit, How Christ in
despite of Satan, maintains his work of grace in the heart; how the man
had sinned himself quite out of hopes of God's mercy; and also the dream
of him that thought in his sleep the Day of Judgment was come.
Why, did you hear him tell his dream?
Yes, and a dreadful one it was, I thought; it made my heart ache as he
was telling of it; but yet I am glad I heard it.
Was that all that you saw at the house of the INTERPRETER?
No: he took me and had me where he showed me a stately palace; and how
the people that were in it were clad in gold; and how there came a
venturous man, and cut his way through the armed men that stood in the
door to keep him out; and how he was bidden to come in and win eternal
glory. Methought those things did ravish my heart: I could have stayed
at the good man's house a twelvemonth but that I knew I had farther to
And what else saw you in the way?
Saw! Why I went but a little farther, and I saw One, as I thought in my
mind, hang bleeding upon the tree, and the very sight of him made the
burden fall off my back (for I groaned under a weary burden), but then
it fell down from off me. 'Twas a strange thing to me; for I never saw
such a thing before. Yea, and while I stood looking up (for then I could
not forbear looking), three shining ones came to me: one of them
testified that my sins were forgiven; another stript me of my rags, and
gave me this embroidered coat which you see; and the third set the mark
which you see in my forehead, and gave me this sealed roll (and with
that he plucked it out of his bosom).
But you saw more than this, did you not?
The things that I have told you were the best; yet I saw some other
small matters, as namely, I saw three men, SIMPLE, SLOTH, and
PRESUMPTION, lie asleep a little out of the way as I came, with irons
upon their heels; but do you think I could awake them! I saw also
FORMALIST and HYPOCRISY come tumbling over the wall, to go, as they
pretended, to Zion, but they were quickly lost; even as I myself did
tell them, but they would not believe: but above all, I found it hard
work to get up this hill, and as hard to come by the lions' mouths; and
truly, if it had not been for the good man, the porter, that stands at
the gate, I do not know but that, after all, I might have gone back
again. But now I thank God I am here, and I thank you for receiving me.
thought it good to ask him a few questions, and desired his answer
Do you not think sometimes of the country from whence you came?
Yes, but with much shame and detestation; truly, if I had been mindful
of that country from whence I came out, I might have had opportunity to
have returned; but now I desire a better country, that is, a heavenly.
- "And truly, if they had been
mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might
have had opportunity to have returned. But now they desire a better country,
that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called
their God: for he hath prepared for them a city."
Hebrews 11:15, 16
Do you not yet bear away with you some of the things that then you were
Yes, but greatly against my will; especially my inward and carnal
thinking, with which all my countrymen as well as myself, were
delighted. But now all those things are my grief: and might I but choose
mine own things, I would choose never to think of those things more; but
when I would be doing of that which is best, that which is worst is with
- "Was then that which is good
made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin,
working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the
commandment might become exceeding sinful. For we know that the law
is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. For that which I do I
allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do
I. If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it
is good. Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that
dwelleth in me. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,)
dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how
to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would
I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do
that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth
in me. I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is
present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward
man: But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of
my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is
in my members. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from
the body of this death? I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the
flesh the law of sin." Romans
Do you not find sometimes, as if those things were vanquished, which at
other times are your perplexity?
Yes, but that is but seldom; but they are to me golden hours in which
such things happen to me.
Can you remember by what means you find your annoyances at times, as if
they were vanquished?
Yes, when I think of what I saw at the cross, that will do it; and when
I look upon my embroidered coat, that will do it; also when I look into
the roll that I carry in my bosom, that will do it; and when my thoughts
wax warm about whither I am going, that will do it.
And what is it that makes you so desirous to go to Mount Zion?
Why, there I hope to see him alive that did hang dead on the cross; and
there I hope to be rid of all those things that to this day are in me
and annoyances to me; there they say there is no death,
- "He will swallow up death in
victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces;
and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the
earth: for the LORD hath spoken it." Isaiah
"And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there
shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall
there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away."
and there I shall dwell with such company as I like best. For to tell
you truth, I love him because I was by him eased of my burden, and I am
weary of my inward sickness; I would fain be where I shall die no more,
and with the company that shall continually cry, "Holy, holy,
hen said CHARITY
Charity. "Have you a family? Are you a
I have a wife and four small children.
And why did you not bring them along with you?
Then CHRISTIAN wept, and said, "Oh, how willingly would I have done
it! but they were all of them utterly averse to my going on
But you should have talked to them, and have endeavoured to show them
the danger of being behind.
So I did, and told them also what God had showed to me of the
destruction of our city; but I seemed to them as one that mocked, and
they believed me not.
- "And Lot went out, and spake
unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get
you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he
seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law." Genesis
And did you pray to God that he would bless your counsel to them?
Yes, and that with much affection; for you must think that my wife and
poor children were very dear unto me.
But did you tell them of your own sorrow, and fear of destruction? for,
I suppose, that destruction was visible enough to you.
Yes--over, and over, and over again. They might also see my fears in my
countenance, in my tears, and also in my trembling under the
apprehension of the judgment that did hang over our heads; but all was
not sufficient to prevail with them to come with me.
But what could they say for themselves, why they came not?
Why, my wife was afraid of losing this world; and my children were given
to the foolish delights of youth: so what by one thing, and what by
another, they left me to wander in this manner alone.
But did you not with your vain life damp all that you by words used by
way of persuasion to bring them away with you?
Indeed I cannot commend my life, for I am conscious to myself of many
failings therein; I know also that a man by his conversation may soon
overthrow what by argument or persuasion he doth labour to fasten upon
others for their good. Yet this I can say, I was very wary of giving
them occasion, by any unseemly action, to make them averse to going on
pilgrimage. Yea, for this very thing, they would tell me I was too
precise; and that I denied myself of sins (for their sakes), in which
they saw no evil. Nay, I think I may say that if what they saw in me did
hinder them, it was my great tenderness in sinning against God, or of
doing any wrong to my neighbour.
Indeed, Cain hated his brother because his own works were evil, and his
- "Not as Cain, who was
of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him?
Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous."
1 John 3:12
and if thy wife and children have been offended with thee for this, they
thereby show themselves to be implacable to good; and thou hast
delivered thy soul from their blood.
- "Yet if thou warn the wicked,
and he turn not from his wickedness, nor from his wicked way, he
shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul."
About the Lord of the Hill
ow I saw in my
dream, that thus they sat talking together until supper was ready.
So when they had made ready, they sat down to eat. Now the table was
furnished with fat things, and with wine that was well refined; and all
their talk at the table was about the Lord of the hill: namely, about
what he had done; and wherefore he did what he did; and why he had
builded that house. And by what they said, I perceived that he had been
a great warrior, and had fought with and slain him that had the power of
- "Forasmuch then as the
children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise
took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that
had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who
through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to
but not without great danger to himself, which made me love him the
For, as they said, and as I believe (said CHRISTIAN), he did it with the
loss of much blood; but that which put glory of grace into all he did,
was, that he did it out of pure love for his country. And besides, there
were some of them of the household that said they had seen and spoke
with him since he did die on the cross; and they have attested that they
had it from his own lips, that he is such a lover of poor pilgrims, that
the like is not to be found from the east to the west.
They moreover gave an instance of what they affirmed, and that was, he
had stripped himself of his glory that he might do this for the poor;
and that they heard him say and affirm that he would not dwell in the
Mountain of Zion alone. They said, moreover, that he had made many
pilgrims princes, though by nature they were beggars born, and their
original had been the dunghill.
- "He raiseth up the poor out of
the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set
them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of
glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD'S, and he
hath set the world upon them." 1
"He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the
needy out of the dunghill;" Psalm
Thus they discoursed together till late at night; and after they had
committed themselves to their Lord for protection, they betook
themselves to rest. The pilgrim they laid in a large upper chamber,
whose window opened towards the sun rising; the name of the chamber was
Peace, where he slept till break of day; and then he awoke and sang--
"Where am I now? is this the love and care
Of Jesus for the men that pilgrims are,
Thus to provide? That I should be forgiven!
And dwell already the next door to heaven!"
The Rarities of
o in the morning
they all got up; and after some more discourse, they told him that
he should not depart till they had showed him the rarities of that
place. And first they had him into the study, where they showed him
records of the greatest antiquity; in which, as I remember my dream,
they showed him the first pedigree of the Lord of the hill, that he was
the Son of the Ancient of Days, and came by an eternal generation. Here
also were more fully recorded the acts that he had done; and the names
of many hundreds that he had taken into his service; and how he had
placed them in such habitations that could neither by length of days,
nor decays of nature, be dissolved.
Then they read to him some of the worthy acts that some of his servants
had done. As how they had "subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness,
obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the violence of
fire, escaped the edge of the sword; out of weakness were made strong,
waxed valiant in fight, and turned to flight the armies of the
- "Who through faith subdued
kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the
mouths of lions, Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of
the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight,
turned to flight the armies of the aliens."
Hebrews 11:33, 34
Then they read again in another part of the records of the house, where
it was showed how willing their Lord was to receive into his favour any,
even any, though they in time past had offered great affronts to his
person and proceedings. Here also were several other histories of many
other famous things, all of which CHRISTIAN had a view. As of things
both ancient and modern; together with prophecies and predictions of
things that have their certain accomplishment, both to the dread and
amazement of enemies, and the comfort and solace of pilgrims.
The next day they took him and had him into the armoury; where they
showed him all manner of furniture, which their Lord had provided for
pilgrims: sword, shield, helmet, breastplate, all-prayer, and shoes that
would not wear out. And there was here enough of this to harness out as
many men for the service of their Lord as there be stars in the heaven
They also showed him some of the instruments with which some of his
servants had done wonderful things. They showed him Moses' rod; the
hammer and nail with which Jael slew Sisera; the pitchers, trumpets, and
lamps too, with which Gideon put to flight the armies of Midian. Then
they showed him the ox's goad wherewith Shamgar slew six hundred men.
They showed him also the jawbone with which Samson did such mighty
feats; they showed him, moreover, the sling and stone with which David
slew Goliath of Gath; and the sword, also, with which their Lord will
kill the man of sin, in the day that he shall rise up to the prey. They
showed him besides many excellent things, with which CHRISTIAN was much
delighted. This done, they went to their rest again.
Then I saw in my dream, that on the morrow he got up to go forward; but
they desired him to stay till the next day also, and then, said they, we
will, if the day be clear, show you the Delectable Mountains; which,
they said, would yet further add to his comfort, because they were
nearer the desired haven than the place where at present he was. So he
consented and stayed. When the morning was up, they had him to the top
of the house, and bid him look south; so he did: and behold, at a great
- "He shall dwell on high: his
place of defence shall be the munitions of rocks: bread shall
be given him; his waters shall be sure. Thine eyes shall see
the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far
off." Isaiah 33:16, 17
he saw a most pleasant mountainous country, beautiful with woods,
vineyards, fruits of all sorts, flowers also; with springs and
fountains, very delectable to behold. Then he asked the name of the
country. They said it was Immanuel's Land; and it is as common, said
they, as this hill is, to and for all the pilgrims. And when thou comest
there, from thence, said they, thou mayest see to the gate of the
Celestial City, as the shepherds that live there will make appear.