Letter To The Angel Of The Church In
to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith
he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that
openeth, and no man shutteth;
and shutteth, and no man openeth;
The writing of five previous letters to the angels of churches
has been commanded by the Lord Jesus Christ. This is the sixth letter
that is written to an angel of a church in
First, an “angel,” at least in the context of Revelation
chapters 1, 2, and 3, refers to a human messenger, almost certainly a
Second, the “church.” The word “church” means many things
to many different people. But in the context of the New Testament, and
struggling to maintain the meaning of the Greek word “ekklhsia,”
while trying to ignore the meaning attached to the word by 20th century
Christians, a “church” is a local assembly of believers in Jesus
Christ who are genuinely saved and Scripturally
baptized following their conversion experience.
to the angel of the church in
You will notice as we examine this letter that the pastor of this
church, along with the pastor of the church in Smyrna, holds the
distinction of receiving from the Lord Jesus Christ a letter having the
unusual characteristic of being almost entirely a word of praise, in
sharp contrast to those letters received by the angels to the churches
of Sardis and Laodicea.
Take note of the phrases which the Lord Jesus Christ uses to
describe Himself to this pastor of the
things saith he that is holy, he that is
true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth,
and no man shutteth; and shutteth,
and no man openeth”
things saith he that is holy”
“Christ reminds them that He is holy
– holy at His birth (Luke
), holy at His death (Acts
) and holy in His present priestly office (Hebrews
In Acts chapter 3, Simon Peter, after healing an impotent man on
Solomon’s porch at the entrance to the
And as the lame man which was healed
held Peter and John, all the people ran together unto them in the porch
that is called Solomon's, greatly wondering.
And when Peter saw it,
he answered unto the people, Ye men of
The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our
fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied
him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let him
But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer
to be granted unto you;
And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the
dead; whereof we are witnesses.
And his name through faith in his name hath made this man strong,
whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this
perfect soundness in the presence of you all.
And now, brethren, I wot that through
ignorance ye did it,
also your rulers.
But those things, which God before had shewed
by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so
Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be
blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence
of the Lord;
And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto
Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of
all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets
since the world began.
Simon Peter certainly knew that Jesus is “the
holy One.” But you might wonder if, 60 or 70 years
later, during the time of John’s revelation, the holiness of the Son
of God might have been relegated to relative unimportance as a doctrinal
truth. My friends, the holiness, the sinlessness,
the fact that Jesus did not and could not sin, is an extremely
important Bible truth.
The verse continues “he
that is true.”
Again, a statement that speaks to the character of the Lord
Jesus. Though not mentioned at all in this verse, compare the last
phrase and this one to what we know of Satan. Jesus is holy, while Satan
is defiled and unclean, the most foul of spirits. While Jesus is true
(indeed, He is the way, the truth, and the life), Satan, by comparison,
is a liar and the father of lies. Were folks who claimed to be
Christians beginning to think that Jesus was not always truthful,
perhaps that He was a moral relativist? No. He Who
is the truth must always be true.
“As the One who is true, Christ is the Author of truth in
contrast to all error or false doctrine.”
that hath the key of David, he that openeth,
and no man shutteth, and shutteth,
and no man openeth”
In ancient times the key was the symbol of power and authority.
Even today the remnant of that view is seen when someone is presented
the key to the city. And
since David was the greatest of
As with so many allusions in the Revelation, the Lord Jesus
Christ seems here to be hearkening back to Isaiah 22.22, where the key
of authority was removed from an unfaithful steward and given to a
faithful steward, a type of Jesus Christ:
the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall
open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.”
“The key to the house of David is His by legal right and by lineage.
He is sole Heir to the throne of David, and until He comes again to
reign, the Jews can have no true sovereign. The key is the symbol of His
authority, and this authority was given to Him over Heaven and earth
As the Lord Jesus speaks to this pastor in
know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man
can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and
hast not denied my name.
know thy works”
After reminding the man of God of His great and omnipotent power
and His limitless authority, Jesus then acknowledges the man’s works.
How it must have encouraged him to be reminded that the Savior knows
what he is doing.
Why would this be such an encouragement? Because
the place where this man served the Savior was a very hard place.
The duty there was both very difficult and potentially discouraging.
Perhaps the pastor had labored without acknowledgement, had toiled
without anyone noticing, or had received any expressions of appreciation
from those he had guided to Christ.
There could be any number of reasons leading up to the Savior
saying to this man, “I
know thy works.” I am reminded of Mark 9.41, where Jesus
whosoever shall give you a cup of water to drink in my name, because ye
belong to Christ, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward.”
This pastor is being reminded that, at the judgment seat of Christ he
will be remembered.
know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door”
After encouraging this pastor, after lifting his spirits, the
Lord Jesus grabs his attention. There is an announcement to be heeded.
There is a pronouncement to be attentively received.
have set before thee an open door”
This is a most interesting announcement. Let us consider some
background information and then draw some spiritual insights from what
we learn from history.
John Walvoord quotes W. M. Ramsay, in
Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia: “The situation
of the city fully explains this saying.
So, what Jesus said to this pastor would be especially meaningful
to those who knew the terrain surrounding the city. But this
geographical insight also suggests a spiritual truth. Jesus likened
Himself as the door to salvation.
Paul’s references to a door in his epistles were always related to
And of the two other mentions of a door in the Revelation, one of them
has to do with conversion.
So, it is almost certain that Jesus is here promising to the pastor
success in his efforts to bring the lost to saving faith.
But there is more to this phrase that is
encouraging. The phrase “I
have set” translates the perfect tense of the Greek word
meaning “to give.” “The perf.
tense indicates the continuing condition,
i.e., ‘a door standing open.’ The metaphor of the ‘open door’
indicated the opportunity for preaching the gospel.”
Think of it! This man has just been told by the Lord Jesus Christ
that he will have an open door of opportunity to bring the lost to the
Savior. What more could any Christian want?
have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it”
would seem quite obvious that if the Lord Jesus Christ opened a door of
opportunity for this man, and indicated that the door would stay open,
no one would be able to close the door.
thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied
it would seem, are the reasons why the Lord Jesus Christ made such
promises to that preacher.
First, because he is a man of “little
I can think of no greater guarantor of success in the Gospel
ministry than this qualification. So many young men shudder at the
thought that God might call them into the ministry because they think
themselves incompetent, weak, ill-suited. But remember the exchange
between Paul and the Lord Jesus in Second Corinthians 12.7-10:
And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance
of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the
messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.
For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart
And he said unto me, My
grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in
weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities,
that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in
necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when
I am weak, then am I strong.
how Paul’s posture changed once he realized that Christ’s “strength
is made perfect in weakness.” Suddenly, his own
inadequacies became insignificant beside his Savior’s adequacies.
As well, does this not fit in with what Paul had already written
to the Corinthians, in 1.27-29?
But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound
the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound
the things which are mighty;
And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath
God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought
things that are:
That no flesh should glory in his presence.
This is the great paradox of the Christian faith. Strength
from weakness. Ability from inability.
Success despite personal failings. How is
this possible? Galatians 2.20: “I
am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth
in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of
the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.”
The next reason he is promised success: “and
hast kept my word.”
Look back to verse 3. Do you see the two words, “hold
fast”? They translate the same word that is here
kept.” What the Lord Jesus wanted the pastor in
My friends, is it any wonder that a pastor who is faithful to
keep Christ’s word will be promised success? It is no surprise to me.
But success should not be thought of in terms of worldly measures of
success, such as great riches or great crowds or popular acclaim. Billy
Graham has erroneously mistaken the praise of men for spiritual success.
Jerry Falwell mistakes great numbers for
spiritual success. And we need to recognize that none of us is immune
from the great error of mistaking something other than faithfulness to
God as success. Success has always been and can only be defined as
pleasing the Master.
This man kept His Word. What praise from the Master!
The final reason we are given for our Lord’s promise of success
to this pastor: “for
thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and
hast not denied my name”
Something happened to this man, something that greatly tested
him. However, through the experience, he remained loyal to Jesus Christ,
he was steadfast, and he persevered.
Paul once urged the Corinthians to “Watch ye,
stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong.”
This man had apparently done that. He was not loyal to a cause, or an
issue, or a doctrine, but he was loyal to Jesus Christ. Because he had
been loyal in the past, he would be rewarded with a door of opportunity
in the future. It was a door that Jesus would open and no one would be
able to close.
I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and
are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before
thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.
I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and
are not, but do lie”
John refers to unbelieving Jews when he mentions the synagogue of
Satan. This brings a news event to mind. Remember when the president of
the Southern Baptist Convention was in hot water, some years ago, for
stating that Jewish people would go to Hell unless they became
Christians? When the press jumped on him he backed off what he had said.
We must remember that anyone who is without Christ, whether he is a Jew
or a Gentile, is Hell-bound.
Too many Christians fail to realize that Judaism is not of God
and is in direct opposition to God’s purposes. It bears only
superficial resemblance to God’s rule of His Own through the Law of
Let me repeat what I basically said in my comments from
Revelation 2.9 on this issue of “the
synagogue of Satan.”
opposition to the cause of Christ was, no doubt, great in the city of
Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest
in the law, and makest thy boast of God,
And knowest his will, and approvest
the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;
And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a
light of them which are in darkness,
instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of
knowledge and of the truth in the law.
Thou therefore which teachest
another, teachest thou not thyself? thou
that preachest a man should not steal, dost
Thou that sayest a man should not
commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou
that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit
Thou that makest thy boast of the
law, through breaking the law dishonourest
For the name of God is blasphemed
among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
For circumcision verily profiteth, if
thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision
is made uncircumcision.
Therefore if the uncircumcision keep
the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision
be counted for circumcision?
And shall not uncircumcision which is
by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge thee,
who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law?
For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that
circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that
of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not
of men, but of God.
being very religious, these physical descendants of Abraham were
actually serving Satan in his opposition to God, and God’s man, and
Jewish people have been among the strongest opponents of the
Gospel of Jesus Christ for almost 2000 years. Even now in the state of
I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I
have loved thee.”
One day, when Jesus comes in great glory to reclaim this old
world, the Jewish people who remain will bow to Him and confess Him as
Lord. In Hosea 5.15, we have the prophecy which indicates what will
provoke the second coming of Christ:
will go and
return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek my
face: in their affliction they will seek me early.”
In addition, in Romans 11.25-26 see the second coming of Christ
from Paul’s perspective:
I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest
ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is
happened to Israel, until the fulness of the
Gentiles be come in.
And so all
The Lord Jesus Christ’s pronouncement that the Jewish
adversaries who so greatly opposed this pastor’s efforts would worship
before his feet expresses a convert’s willingness to take the very
lowest place in the church, doing servile honor to those they once
persecuted, rather than dwell with the ungodly. So
the Philippian jailer before Paul.
In case you did not notice it, does not this last half of the
verse establish once and for all that God turns the hearts of men to
fulfill His purposes?
“God can at any time humble the most bitter persecutors of his people,
and make them their cordial friends, or utterly destroy them.”
By the way, this is the fourth of the seven churches that are
said to have problems with Satan. The others are the church in
thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the
hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them
that dwell upon the earth.
What a promise this verse contains! This verse is usually
interpreted as a promise that strongly asserts that Christians will not
be present during the time when the Lord Jesus Christ “tries” the
entire human race.
See the word “from”? It translates a Greek word, “ek,”
which means “out of.” This is said by many to be yet another piece
of evidence that suggests that Christians will be out of this world when
the trial comes which Christ is referring to. We will be kept “out
of” the hour of temptation. This is understood to mean that believers
will not be present when the “hour of temptation,” when that period
of extreme tempting, occurs.
That is consistent with the rapture occurring before the seven
years of tribulation, the 70th week of Daniel. However, let us be
reminded yet again that this comment by the Lord Jesus Christ is not
addressed to the entire congregation, at least not obviously. Neither is
this comment addressed to all Christians.
This is a wonderful verse, that seems
to support the view that the rapture of Church Age believers will occur
to the seven years of tribulation, which view I hold. I would love to
use this verse to support the position that I hold, except this verse
seems to be addressed to a single man, not to all Christians.
Let us examine the verse, as is our usual fashion, one phrase at
thou hast kept the word of my patience”
pastor was commended in verse 8 for keeping Christ’s word. Now this
same man, the angel of the church in
also will keep thee from the hour of temptation”
The word “kept”
in the previous phrase translates the same Greek word as the word “keep”
in this phrase. Notice the correspondence. Jesus is saying, “You kept
my word, so I will keep you.” The Lord Jesus Christ likes it when His
man keeps His Word, and He intends to reward him for his faithfulness
But what is “the
hour of temptation”? Theologians who believe in a pretribulation
rapture seem to be pretty much agreed that this is a reference to the
seven years of tribulation that is otherwise known as Daniel’s 70th
Listen to the note on this verse found in the MacArthur
keep you from the hour of trial.
Christ’s description—an event still future that for a short time
severely tests the whole world—must refer to the time of tribulation,
the 7-year period before Christ’s earthly kingdom is consummated,
featuring the unleashing of divine wrath in judgments expressed as
seals, trumpets, and bowls. This period is described in detail
throughout chaps. 6—19. The latter half is
called “the Great Tribulation” (
; Matt. 24:21) and is
identified as to time in 11:2, 3; 12:6, 14; 13:5. The verb “to keep”
is followed by a preposition whose normal meaning is “from” or
“out of”—this phrase, “keep. . .from” supports the pretribulational
rapture of the church (see
John 14:1-3; 1 Cor. 15:51,52 1; Thess.
4:13- 17). This period is the same as Daniel’s 70th week (see
notes on Dan.
and “the time of Jacob’s trouble” (see
notes on Jer. 30:7).
Now let me read the note on this same verse from the widely
LaHaye Prophecy Study Bible:
I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation. This
is the most specific guarantee from our Lord Himself that Christian
believers will not go into that seven-year Tribulation period He is
about to unveil (Rev. 6—18). Revelation
should be studied in the
light of Romans 5:9 and 1 Thessalonians
; 5:9. After giving this
assurance that believers would be kept out of the hour of trial, it is
no accident that the very next chapter begins with a picture of the
Rapture, when John is seen taken up to heaven just before the
Here is my great dilemma. I am in agreement with the prophetic
viewpoints of both study Bibles I have cited with respect to this verse.
Nevertheless, unless you assume that what we learn from this verse about
prophecies concerning all Christians are mere applications of this
verse, I will have to stop short of using this verse to support my
position on the rapture and their position on the rapture. Why? This
verse, and this entire letter, are addressed by the Lord Jesus
Christ to the angel of the church in
The Lord Jesus Christ promised to keep this man from “the
hour of temptation.”
This cannot be a reference to the seven years of tribulation to which
the commentators referred for one simple reason: the word that is
is not the word for “tribulation.”
Every single time the word “tribulation”
appears in the English New Testament it translates the word qliqin,
but the word used in this verse is peirasmos.
So, I think the Lord Jesus Christ is intimating that something is
about to happen. When it happens, the promise is that this faithful man
will be spared. He will be kept “from
the hour of temptation”
because he kept the Lord’s word.
shall come upon all the world”
Whatever is about to happen will happen sometime in the future to
what is meant by the phrase “all
This word “world”
is not the same word found in John 3.16, “for
God so loved the world.
. . .” It is the word oikoumenh,
which refers to the inhabited earth.
What is this referring to? I think it is likely referring to a
terrible persecution that would soon befall Christians throughout the
known world. John Wesley writes the following words with reference to
this phrase: “The whole
But this faithful man of God was kept from the hour of trial that
everyone else suffered through. How do I know? Jesus promised that He
Before we move on, I want you to take note of an extremely
important phrase. This phrase is introduced by the Lord Jesus and is
used a number of times throughout John’s Revelation. The phrase reads
that dwell upon the earth.” I would urge each of you to
read through John’s Revelation and underline or highlight this phrase
every single time you find it.
The word “dwell”
refers to someone having his taproot sunk deep into the earth. It refers
to someone who is a permanent resident of this old earth. It refers to
someone who is lost. How do I know? Turn with me to First Peter 2.11:
“Dearly beloved, I
as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from
fleshly lusts, which war against the soul.” Therefore, I
am of the opinion that you can take the phrase “them
that dwell on the earth” as a technical reference to
I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man
take thy crown.
I come quickly.”
Pay attention, this is important. The word “quickly”
refers to the unexpected return of the Lord Jesus Christ. No one knows
when the Lord Jesus Christ will come, so He warns this beloved pastor to
be ready. If this pastor should be ready, you should be ready, as well.
that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.”
last part of this verse shows us that, while it is not possible for
someone to lose his salvation, it is definitely possible for someone to
lose his rewards. A Christian life can start out wonderfully and then
end tragically, with a loss of all of the rewards later in life
that were won early on. Therefore, this faithful pastor is warned
by our Lord Jesus to be careful.
An example of this happening might very well be Barnabas, the man
who discipled the apostle Paul and served
alongside him for several years. Starting out great together, Paul and
Barnabas had a falling out over Barnabas’ nephew, John Mark. Please
turn with me and read the passages in the book of Acts:
13.1-4, 7, 13: 1
Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets
and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius
of Cyrene, and Manaen,
which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said,
Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.
And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their
hands on them, they sent them
So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, departed unto
Which was with the deputy of the country, Sergius
Paulus, a prudent man; who called for
Barnabas and Saul, and desired to hear the word of God.
when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos,
they came to Perga in Pamphylia:
and John departing from them returned to
And some days after Paul said unto
Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we
have preached the word of the Lord, and
see how they do.
And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was
But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed
from them from Pamphylia, and went not with
them to the work.
And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed
asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto
And Paul chose Silas, and departed, being recommended by the
brethren unto the grace of God.
Who was right on this issue of whether or not to give Mark a
second chance, Paul who was against it, or Barnabas who was in favor of
it? The church at
In short, Barnabas started out right, but finished wrong. He may
have lost his rewards as a result. Had he followed the direction of his
church he would have ended up doing the right thing, but he allowed
sentiment for a family member to cloud his judgment.
that overcometh will I make a pillar in the
temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him
the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which
is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my
God: and I
will write upon him my new name.
that overcometh will I make a pillar in the
temple of my God, and he shall go no more out.”
We have a general principle set forth by the Lord Jesus Christ
here. He is showing what the requirements are
to become one of the strong support members in the congregation. As
well, we have a promise of spiritual prosperity. Let me develop this
Many people want position and prominence in a congregation. They
think they deserve position or prominence because they make good money,
because they are big givers, because they are great organizers, or for
some other such reason as that. But the Lord Jesus Christ establishes
the criteria as being “Him
that overcometh.” In First
John 5.1-5, we read that faith is what overcomes the world, so I think
the Lord Jesus Christ is establishing something here that is reachable
by any genuinely converted person. All you have to do is show that you
are genuinely converted and the Lord Jesus will make a
you a pillar in the
But what is a
Thus, I think the Lord Jesus is telling those of us who read
John’s Revelation that if we have little strength, if we keep His
Word, and if we do not deny His name (in short, if we actually live the
overcoming life of a real Christian), He will position us to be pillars
of strength and stability in our church.
A. T. Robertson points out that
Every believer wants to be honored. Every believer wants to
contribute in a meaningful way. Our Lord Jesus is telling us that as we
live out our lives and demonstrate overcoming faith, living the life,
keeping His Word, not denying His name . . . even if we are of little
strength . . . he will make us to be the ones who add stability and
strength to our congregation. It is another way of fulfilling the
proverb, “before honour is
humility,” Proverbs 15.33. Pay your dues and you will be honored.
he shall no more go out”
means that you, like a pillar, will be a model of stability. Think of
it. Jesus is promising to give you the grace to become solid, to become
stable, to become a stabilizer of others, to become one whose strength
is relied upon. And it all started with one who had “little
strength.” Isn’t the love of Jesus something
I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my
is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my
God: and I
will write upon him my new name.”
Upon the believer will be written three things: The name of the
Father, the name of New Jerusalem, and the new name of the Son of God.
What does this mean? Maybe the first name stands for the signature of
the Artist Who molded these figures of clay. The second name, new
Jerusalem, might stand for the display case where the choice vessel is
to be displayed to show the magnificence of God’s grace. The third
name may refer to Him for Whom the work of
art was created.
This Philadelphian pastor closely resembles a number of people in
our church. We are of little strength. Amen? This being so, we must
guard ourselves to expend every effort to use the strength we have to
keep His Word, and to never deny the name of the Lord Jesus Christ,
which would cause us to lose our rewards.
What a glorious promise to be fulfilled someday.
that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith
unto the churches.
The letter was written to the angel of the
This is the sixth time in six letters that the Lord Jesus Christ
utters this type of warning. When the Master speaks, everyone needs to
pay close attention.
 See footnote for Revelation 3.7 from John MacArthur, The MacArthur Study Bible, (Nashville: Word Publishing, 1997), page 1996.
 John Walvoord, The Revelation Of Jesus Christ, (Chicago, Illinois: Moody Press, 1966), page 84.
 J. Vernon McGee, Reveling Through Revelation, Part I, (Pasadena, CA: Thru The Bible Books, 1979), page 31.
 Walvoord, page 84.
 Lehman Strauss, The Book Of The Revelation, (Neptune, New Jersey: Loizeaux Brothers, 1963), page 81.
 Walvoord, page 85.
 John 10.7, 9
 First Corinthians 16.9; Second Corinthians 2.12; Colossians 4.3
 Revelation 3.20
 Fritz Reinecker & Cleon Rogers, Linguistic Key To The Greek New Testament, (Grand Rapids, MI: Regency Reference Library, 1980), page 820.
 First Corinthians 16.13
 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary, ( Bronson , MI : Online Publishing, Inc., 2002), [email protected]
 Proverbs 21.1
 Family Bible Notes, (Bronson , MI : Online Publishing, Inc., 2002), [email protected]
 See footnote for Revelation 3.10 from John MacArthur, The MacArthur Study Bible, (Nashville: Word Publishing, 1997), page 1997.
 See footnote for Revelation 3.10 from Tim LaHaye Prophecy Study Bible, (AMG Publishers, 2000), page 1370.
 Rienecker, page 820.
 John Wesley, Notes On The Bible, ( Bronson , MI : Online Publishing, Inc., 2002), [email protected]
 A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures In The New Testament, Vol VI, (New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1930), page 319.