And the fifth angel sounded,
and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the
key of the bottomless pit.
1. Read Revelation 8.13 with me
again: “And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven,
saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by
reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are
yet to sound!”
From this verse, we see that this fifth trumpet blast is also the first of
the woes to befall the unsaved portion of mankind that was warned in
Revelation 8.13. Some of you might remember, from your readings in Exodus,
that certain of the plagues that befell Egypt afflicted everyone, while a
number of the last ones afflicted only the Egyptians, leaving the
Israelites untouched. Such is what I believe we have here.
2. When the trumpet sounded John
saw something. We read that John saw a star fall from heaven. Jack Hyles,
in his little book entitled “Let’s Study Revelation,” says that the
word translated “fall” should be translated “fallen” instead.
Examining the Greek New Testament, we see that the Greek word pepwkota
is what is called the perfect tense, referring to past action with
Literally then, John indicates that he saw something that had already
fallen from heaven. The word “fall,” being a perfect participle, means
that the action had been completed when John saw it.
3. What John gazed upon was a
fallen star, which had fallen from heaven to earth. Now, look at the verse
again very closely. We know that John is not referring to a literal star
falling because, in the same sentence and referring to the same star, John
tells us that “to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.”
4. Since keys cannot be given to
inanimate objects, this star must be some kind of intelligent being.
Thankfully, the Bible gives us some clues regarding the identity of this
creature. Read some verses with me that refer to an intelligent being
falling from heaven:
How art thou fallen from heaven, O
Lucifer, son of the morning! how
art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
For thou hast said in thine heart,
I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God:
I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the
I will ascend above the heights of
the clouds; I will be like the most High.
And the seventy returned again with
joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name.
And he said unto them, I beheld
Satan as lightning fall from heaven.
And there was war in heaven:
Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought
and his angels,
And prevailed not; neither was
their place found any more in heaven.
And the great dragon was cast out,
that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole
world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with
The star that John refers to here can be none other than Satan.
There are two options to consider when seeking to understand precisely
what John is referring to here: Option #1, John is referring to Satan
being cast out of heaven because of his sin, way in the distant past. In
terms of chronology, this actually occurred before the Fall of Adam and
Eve into sin. Option #2, John is referring to Satan being cast down to the
earth some time after the Rapture, after being defeated by Michael, the
To this point, let us recognize that either option is
hypothetically possible. How can this be? Satan was, indeed, cast out by
God, along with one third of the host of heaven, who followed him in his
futile rebellion against God. Job chapters 1 and 2, however, shows us that
God periodically demands an accounting of Satan, even in his fallen
We will see which of these two options is correct as our study of
the Revelation continues. To avoid being caught up in speculation, focus
on what John seems to be directing our attention to. Satan will be given
the key to the bottomless pit.
We remember, from Revelation 1.18, that the Lord Jesus Christ
claims to have the “the keys of hell and of death.”
Absent any other evidence, we would rightly suspect that the “key of the bottomless pit”
would also be under His control, and that He is the One Who gave the key
to Satan. Therefore, the first woe occurs when the Lord Jesus Christ, at
the sound of the trumpet, gives the key to “the bottomless pit” to Satan.
The reason I attribute this giving of the key to the Lord Jesus
Christ is because Greek grammarians refer to the giving of something in
such a case as this, wherein the one who does the giving is not named, as
a theological or a divine passive.
Others would interpret this as meaning God gives the key to Satan.
Important to note is that this key which will be given is the key
to the “bottomless pit.” What is the “bottomless pit”?
The word translated “bottomless
the Greek word abussoV, which literally means “an immensely deep space.”
Interestingly, it is also the place where Jesus went, according to Romans
10.7: “Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again
from the dead.)”
The word “deep” in that verse being our same word, abussoV.
If you are a bit confused, remember two things: First, Hell more
properly describes a state of being dead than a geographical location. The
“bottomless pit” is a better term for describing where
the unsaved dead now are, and where many fallen angels are, and where
Jesus went for three days and nights before His resurrection. Second, in
the absence of any distinction between the geographical location where
lost people die when they enter eternity, and what spiritual state they
are in when they enter eternity, the word Hell is generally used. But if
you want to be specific and distinguish between the location of some
unsaved person has died and the spiritual state of some unsaved person who
has died, you would use the term “bottomless
refer to location and the term Hell to refer to his state of being.
“That there is a passage from the earth to its heart not only is
indicated by Scripture, but what believed by the ancient Greeks, and is
today known by the followers of Satan.”
That Satan will someday be given the key to open that accessway to the
bowels of the earth, where the “bottomless pit” is, where those who are experiencing what we call
Hell abide, will be a fearful thing for mankind.
And he opened the bottomless
pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great
furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of
Some commentators have a difficult time accepting the evidence
pointing to the star being Satan, because they cannot conceive of why God
would give Satan the key to the bottomless pit, or more properly
translated, the great abyss. However, the answer to that dilemma is
simple. God gave the key to Satan, knowing that he would open the
bottomless pit, because God wanted the bottomless pit opened.
At the sounding of the trumpet, and the opening of the pit, God is
allowing Hell to come up to the surface of the earth. I say Hell because I
agree with William Newell, when he indicates in his commentary on the
Revelation that the bottomless pit, or the great abyss, is a geographical
region in which New Testament Hades, Old Testament Sheol, or what we call
Hell, is. Hell, then, is a state of existence, while the great abyss is
the place of existence for those who die without Christ, and for fallen
angels who have been confined since their attack upon humanity recorded in
Let us read Genesis 6.1-4, so I can refresh your memories of what I
believe Moses is telling us there:
And it came to pass, when men began
to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,
That the sons of God saw the
daughters of men that they were
fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.
And the LORD said, My spirit shall not
always strive with man, for that he also is
flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
There were giants in the earth in
those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the
daughters of men, and they bare children
to them, the same became mighty
men which were of old, men of
Verse 2. “Sons of God,”
plural, is a phrase applied only to those individuals who are directly
created by God. Adam and all the angels created by God and all born again
people are “sons
In this verse, we do not have Adam or born again people referred to, but
angels. From their behavior, we safely conclude that these are fallen
angels, who are in rebellion with Satan against God. These fallen angels
sought to mate with human women to produce an unredeemable race of
Verse 3. God’s response to this attack upon the human race in an
attempt to defeat Him is to set a date at which time judgment will fall.
In retrospect, we know that God’s judgment was the Flood, in which every
living thing was destroyed, save what had safely boarded the Ark.
Verse 4. The giants referred to here are the product of the unholy
union between fallen angels and unsaved women. Since angels are not human,
and cannot therefore suffer physical death, I contend that when the Flood
came and God killed all humans, He at the very same time confined those
wicked and powerful fallen angels who had so attacked the human race in
the bottomless pit, the great abyss. It is when the events of Revelation
9.2 occur that these extraordinarily powerful demons are loosed from their
imprisonment to wreak havoc on the human race.
When the entrance to the pit is unlocked and opened the smoke from
the furnace of Hell will belch forth and blot out the sun.
And there came out of the
smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the
scorpions of the earth have power.
This part gets a little scary. Remember where the locusts come from
. . . the bottomless pit, or the great abyss, which is Hell. They come
spewing forth with the smoke.
These locusts have power in a way that resembles the power that
scorpions of the earth’s surface have power. Now, let me ask you, what
kinds of power do scorpions of the earth’s surface have? Right. They can
sting and can inflict great pain, even though their stings rarely result
in death. These Hellish locusts have similar capabilities.
And it was commanded them
that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing,
neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in
Here we have additional proof that these are not common locusts.
Locusts normally eat vegetation, but these locusts from the pit do harm
only to those who have not the seal of God on their forehead. That is,
they torment only those who are not saved.
So far, in the Revelation, only the 144,000 are described as having
the seal of God on their foreheads. This leads some Bible teachers to
believe that these locusts will attack not only unbelievers, but also
believers who are not part of the company of 144,000 Jews.
However, I have some valid reasons for maintaining that these
locusts will not attack believers:
First, because Revelation 8.13 indicates that these last three
trumpet judgments will only fall upon “inhabiters of the earth,” which
are lost folks.
Second, because there is circumstantial evidence to support the
idea that every believer has the seal of God, even though only 144,000 are
specifically said to be so marked.
Finally, because allowing these creatures to attack God’s Own
children is worse than throwing the baby out with the bath water. There is
no legitimate reason expressed in Scripture why God would want to vent His
wrath in such a way on those who are His Own children.
And to them it was given
that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five
months: and their torment was as
the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man.
So, the locusts will inflict great pain upon the people, but they
will not be allowed to kill anyone. The torment of their stings lasts for
The torture from these creatures must be of such a painful nature,
if you have ever heard of the extreme pain that ordinary scorpions cause
when they sting.
And in those days shall men
seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death
shall flee from them.
Friends, God’s wrath is going to be poured out, during this
future time of great tribulation, in an extremely unique way. God is
actually giving unsaved men, I believe, a brief glimpse of the torments of
Hell. And what does lost man do? He seeks to kill himself and really go to
It is just like unregenerate men that nothing will move them to
repent of their sins unless the Holy Spirit specifically deals in their
Just imagine pain that is so extreme that millions of people are
attempting to commit suicide because of it. Rather than turn to God, in
Christ, for relief they turn to death, only to find that their torment
will not end.
This will be a foreshadow of Hell for those people. Conscious,
never-ending physical and mental torture, from which there is no escape.
And the shapes of the locusts were
like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were
as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men.
And they had hair as
the hair of women, and their teeth were as the
teeth of lions.
And they had
breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their
wings was as the sound of
chariots of many horses running to battle.
And they had tails
like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power
was to hurt men five months.
“The description of the
locusts given in these verses makes it clear that they are not ordinary
locusts and are so named only because of their function as a judgment and
plague from the Lord. They apparently are much larger than ordinary
locusts and are compared to horses prepared for battle. Inasmuch as demons
do not have physical shape, what John is seeing must symbolize demonic
possession. The locusts are described as having crowns of gold on their
heads, ordinarily a token of victory, but here apparently a decoration or
headdress. Their faces are described as similar to the faces of men. Their
hair is described as the hair of women and their teeth as the teeth of
lions. This awesome combination of the qualities of beasts and men depicts
the utterly fearful character of these instruments of divine judgment.
This is in keeping with the general character of the book of Revelation as
an unmasking of the true nature of Satan and evil.”
“In verse 9, the locusts are declared to have breastplates of
iron, implying that they are immune to destruction. They are also equipped
with wings which give forth the sound of many chariots going to battle,
implying speed and the impossibility of evading their attack. Particular
attention is given to their tails, which are compared to those of
scorpions and by which they have power to hurt men for five months. It
would be difficult to describe a more fearful spectacle than these
instruments of divine justice, utterly wicked in themselves, and released
from the pit of the abyss to accomplish this terrifying judgment. The fact
that they have power to hurt men five months is repeated in verse 10, as
if to call special attention to the length of their torment.”
Let me read some comments by Sale-Harrison: “It is very
interesting to notice how many similes are used in verses 7 to 10. These
Satanic agents are said to be ‘like horses prepared for battle’ (v. 7)
- anxious and ready to carry out their commission. On their heads, as it
were, ‘crowns like gold’ (v. 7). They pretend to have royal authority.
They have ‘faces like men’ (v. 7). They appeal to the reason. ‘Hair
like women’ (v. 8). They are subtle. ‘Teeth like lions’ (v. 8). They
are relentless in cruelty. ‘Breastplates like iron’ (v. 9). Through
which truth cannot penetrate. The ‘sound of their wings is like the
sound of a conquering host’ (v. 9). They have ‘tails like
scorpions.’ Stings in their tails (v. 10).”
Though there will be variation of opinions from commentator to
commentator as to the likely meanings of these different similes, one
thing is very obvious; the judgment God will inflict upon those who reject
the truth and believe the lies of Satan will be severe.
And they had a king over
them, which is the angel of the
bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is
Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his
Another indication that John is not referring to
ordinary locusts comes from Proverbs 30.27, where Solomon indicated that
ordinary locusts have no king. However, these locusts, who I believe to be
demons, do have a king.
2. Their ruler is the angel of the
bottomless pit, and he is not Satan. You see, Satan is not presently
confined to the bottomless pit, as this Abaddon presently is. Satan will
not be confined to the bottomless pit until the second coming of Christ.
No, this Abaddon, this Apollyon, is an extremely powerful and wicked angel
who followed Lucifer in his revolt against God.
3. While Lucifer was given to be
the prince of the power of the air, this angel was cast into the great
abyss. When Satan opens the door to Hell, this Abaddon, or Apollyon, comes
out with his army of supernatural locusts who will go forth to torment
whoever they can.
4. Praise be to God that they will
not be allowed to harm any of God’s children. Amen?
One woe is past; and,
behold, there come two woes more hereafter.
1. Will God put His children
through this? Will we remain on the earth through this terrible suffering?
2. If you understand the clear
Biblical distinction between the Christian who lives under the reign of
grace and the Israelite who lives under the reign of Law you will
understand two things to be true: First, God has two plans and two
programs. One is for Israel and one for church age Christianity.
3. In addition, during the
tribulation God is fulfilling His plan for Israel, having fulfilled His
plan for the church. Second, though there are times and occasions in which
woes are predicted for Israel and the wicked Gentiles who surround her,
there is no time in which woes are either predicted or pronounced on
humanity during the church age, the age in which we live.
4. Therefore, I am of the opinion
that Christians will not face this first woe, nor will they face the
second two woes.
5. A final comment before we move
on: All of this, the environmental catastrophes, the demons from the pit,
the torture, and longing for death for five months, is only the result of
the first of the woes. There are two more to go.
And the sixth angel sounded,
and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is
1. So, the sixth of the seven
angels sounds the sixth trumpet, which introduces the second of the three
woes. Remember that the judgments that are described as woes are of
2. This altar in heaven is
described as having four horns, which might indicate to us that it is
rather similar in appearance to the altar which was built by the Jews and
placed in the courtyard of the Temple. Notice the picture of the Temple in
your handout. The altar in heaven corresponds to the altar of incense, #4
on your handout, to help you visualize the heavenly counterpart to the
3. What is this altar? This may be
the same altar mentioned in Revelation 6.9-10, where the souls of the
martyred saints were who prayed for vengeance against those who slew them
for the Word of God.
4. This also seems to be the altar
in heaven where God’s mercy has been seen in the past. This is the
place, I believe, where the Lord Jesus Christ, our great High Priest,
offered up His Own blood for our sins, thereby satisfying God’s holy
demand that sin be atoned.
5. The martyrs in Revelation 6.9-10
were put off for a while, but the next few verses suggest that the
martyr’s prayers are put off no longer.
Saying to the sixth angel
which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great
1. From the altar came a voice,
literally one voice, which cried out for the loosing of four angels.
These angels must be fallen or wicked angels, since they have been bound.
We never read of holy angels being bound in Scripture. But now their
release is authorized.
2. These angels had been bound in
the great river Euphrates. Were you aware of the fact that there was a
river Euphrates associated with the Garden of Eden, where the first sin in
the human realm was committed? Do you suppose that it is the same river?
Not likely, but there might be some significance in the fact that the two
rivers have the same name.
3. What about the antediluvian
civilization that waxed so wicked that God destroyed the earth by a flood.
Was their civilization near this same river?
4. It was this same river, which
saw the rise of that monument to idolatry and rebellion against God, the
tower of Babel. It was this same river which saw the rise of the Assyrian
and Babylonian empires, which would participate in the destruction of
Israel and then Judah, followed by the razing of Jerusalem.
5. Quite a river, this Euphrates.
Four angels, which had been bound in this river, possibly since Genesis
chapter 6, are finally released during the Great Tribulation. Why are they
released? Perhaps in answer to the prayers of the saints under the altar
in Revelation 6.9-10, to judge and avenge them that dwell on the earth.
And the four angels were
loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a
year, for to slay the third part of men.
1. The four angels will be loosed.
The Greek text literally reads, “the hour and day and month and year.”
Thus, there is a specific hour of a specific day of a specific month of a
specific year has been set aside by God, Who is so infinite and powerful
that absolutely nothing takes place without His divine permission.
2. These angels, presumably fallen
angels that we would normally think of as demons, will have the power to
destroy one third of the human race.
3. If you remember that to this
point one fourth of mankind has already been destroyed since the Rapture
occurred, then you must realize that when these forces of Satan finish
their work one half of humanity that populates the world at the time the
Rapture occurs will have been slain before the second coming of Christ.
4. Read verse 16, and see what kind
of forces these four angels marshal against mankind.
And the number of the army
of the horsemen were two hundred
thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them.
1. An army, or armies (since the
Greek word here is plural)
of 200,000,000 horsemen. It is rather like Army of the Potomac and other
armies during the Civil War. Several armies, but all the same United State
2. John saw the army, but he heard
the number of them, obviously not counting 200,000,000 soldiers himself.
3. Folks, do not make the mistake
that I have made in the past of assuming that this army of 200,000,000
horsemen is necessarily connected to the kings of the east mentioned in
Revelation 16.12: “And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river
Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings
of the east might be prepared.”
4. I am of the opinion that since
the circumstances are different in Revelation chapters 9 and 16, that two
different events in history during the tribulation could be referred to in
these separate passages.
5. There are differences among
commentators about the identity of this 200,000,000 strong army. Lehman
Strauss is of the opinion that this is an army of men, “the combined
power of the devil and men acting in their own interest, and, yet, at the
same time, they are ignorantly carrying out God’s judicial will.”
J. Vernon McGee is of the opinion that this is not a human army, but marks
the “wholesale invasion of the demon world, which is a further result of
Satan opening the door of the shaft of the bottomless pit.”
6. What is my own position? I am
not sure. Keep in mind that in the recent war the United States waged in
Afghanistan our special forces elements resorted to moving cross-country
on horseback on several occasions. Could an army of 200,000,000 do the
same thing? Not now. But in several years? Perhaps.
7. Regardless of the specific take
you have on this verse, do not lose sight of the fact that God will
authorize His angel to unloose four fallen angels, who will in turn, be
responsible for some type of force of 200,000,000 enemy soldiers of some
kind, either demon-empowered men or demons themselves, who will kill one
third of the human race, or as it stands now, more than one billion
And thus I saw the horses in
the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of
jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were
as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and
1. We have two descriptions in this
one verse. John describes the defensive armor of the horsemen, and then he
describes the offensive weaponry of the horses.
2. Notice some things that are
First, the horsemen are not actually called men in this verse. They
are described as “them that sat on them.”
That does not necessarily mean the riders are not men; they could be men.
Second, the horses may not actually be literal horses, since their
as the heads of lions.”
Either they are horse-like creatures, or they are horses with an apparatus
placed over their heads to protect them.
Third, with both the defenses of the “horsemen”
and the offensive capability of the “horses” there is fire and smoke and brimstone.
By these three was the third
part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone,
which issued out of their mouths.
1. Notice that it is the horses
with lion’s heads that kill one third of surviving mankind.
2. Maybe the horsemen control the
actions of the beasts they ride, since it is the “fire and smoke and brimstone”
which is responsible for the carnage and death.
For their power is in their
mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were
like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt.
1. They cannot be real horses, can
they? With the power to kill in their tails, they have to be beings of a
different sort than we have ever seen before, unless this refers to some
kind of high technology weaponry mounted on horses.
2. Why mounted on horses? Horses
have the ability to traverse rough terrain that no high tech machine can
negotiate. Therefore, it is at least possible that these are horses used
by tomorrow’s armed forces.
3. Whether these are men mounted on
horses equipped with high technology weaponry, or a huge mass of demons
unleashed on the world, the effect will be mind-numbing destruction and
deaths as a result of the four fallen angels which were released at
4. However you view these verses,
think about the events of this chapter. The trap door to Hell is opened
and locust-like beasts come out and inflict great pain on all mankind.
Then, Satan’s warlord, Abaddon, comes forth from the pit. Then four
angels are loosed. Finally, an unusual army of 200,000,000 is unloosed.
5. No matter what these 200,000,000
actually are, all can agree that they are forces of evil that are going
about and killing human beings of their own free will. But notice how the
actions of those opposed to God always turn out to advance God’s plan
and fulfill His purpose.
6. That God is sovereign and rules
over all does not detract at all from the free will of His created beings
to act out the inclinations of their own natures. Satan can do what he
will, and it will end up suiting God in the end. Amen?
And the rest of the
men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works
of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold,
and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor
hear, nor walk:
Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor
of their fornication, nor of their thefts.
1. One third of all those alive on
earth at the time are slain for their sins, and what happens? With well
over a billion and a half corpses lying in the streets and in the
countryside, the basic nature of lost mankind remains unchanged without a
new heart that can only come from God.
2. Notice how man, God-rejecting
man, is characterized during the Great Tribulation, when sin runs
unchecked by the restraining ministry of the Holy Spirit of God.
3. Idolatry runs rampant. Man will
not turn from his demon worship. And the bowing down before statues and
idols is demonic in nature, you can be sure. The Bible teaches that all of
the gods of the heathen are demons. Therefore, idolatry and demon worship
are actually the same, according to Psalm 96.5:
all the gods of the nations are
according to First Corinthians 10.20:
I say, that the things which the
Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would
not that ye should have fellowship with devils.”
4. “Neither repented they” The
is the verb form the familiar Greek term metanoia.
“The word [metanoe>w, metanoeo],
expresses the true New Testament idea of the spiritual change implied in a
sinner’s return to God. The term signifies ‘to have another mind,’
to change the opinion or purpose with regard to sin.”
So, though so many will die, those who remain alive in their sins will
remain unchanged toward their sins.
5. “of their murders”
How much is the
commandment, “Thou shalt not kill” ignored these days. During that time in the
not-too-distant future men will even more flagrantly despise the lives of
their fellow men.
6. “Nor of their sorceries”
This word comes from the Greek word farmakeia,
which gives us the English word “pharmacy.” I tend to think this
phrase actually not only means that unregenerate man will not repent of
his consorting with occultism, or demons, but also his use of and reliance
Down through history drugs were frequently used in pagan societies
as a means of weakening the minds of heathen worshipers.
Thus, I think God’s Word predicted, 2000 years ago, an
ever-increasing dependence on artificial stimulants and depressants in
association with a familiarity with spirits.
People smoke dope to feel good and have a good time. People smoke
cigarettes to desensitize their nervous system. People take alcohol to
relax themselves and make themselves feel good.
I wonder how many people use prescription medication to so alter
their mood that they do not feel the need to seek the consolation and
comfort that should come only from God?
We know that unregenerate man will not repent of these things, but
Christians will. One of the characteristics of the Christian life is
The Bible hits hard against the use of alcohol for any other use
than for legitimate medicinal purposes. The Bible points out that our
bodies are the temples of the Holy Ghost. Treat them right. Do not abuse
them with chemicals.
The child of God will repent. Biblical repentance, it must be
understood, is both an acknowledgment of wrongdoing and
a forsaking of sinful behavior.
7. “Nor their fornication” Fornication, in God’s Word, is sexual behavior
outside the bounds of matrimony. Adultery is sexual activity with someone
besides your spouse. Both are extremely wicked in God’s eyes.
There are two reasons for John’s use of the term fornication,
instead of adultery.
Fornication is a more general term and encompasses all illicit
sexual conduct. Any sexual misconduct can rightly be termed fornication,
while adultery specifically describes a married person who is having sex
with someone they are not married to.
Another reason for using fornication could be the trend toward
having long-term sexual liaisons is becoming so widespread in our world
that John used a term that would describe sexual promiscuity of all kinds.
In so doing, he described the world as it will be during the Great
What an affront to God it is to engage in fornication. He gave sex
to men and women. He also gave marriage to men and women. And the Author
of both sex and marriage has determined that they be inseparable. To have
one without the other is rebellion against God’s established plan for
8. “Nor of their thefts” Mankind will become a generation of thieves, having no
respect for others. Already, with government stealing from citizens to
give to other citizens, with renegotiated contracts to get more money
instead of a man keeping his word by fulfilling his contract, and all the
rest, we see thievery on the increase.
9. My friend, verses 20 and 21
shows that man’s only hope is the salvation which is in Christ Jesus our
We are now about to enter our study of Revelation chapter 10. As we
begin, please note that all of chapter 10 and about half of chapter 11 is
an interlude, or a parenthetical section, in the book of Revelation.
you will recall, we have already studied one portion of this book of the
Revelation which was a parenthesis. As we studied the opening of the seven
seals of the scroll, which was handed to Christ, we noticed something. We
noticed that as we went through the opening of the first six seals we
became conscious of being quite depressed.
But in just the right place to lift our spirits, the Lord placed chapter 7 in our way, between the opening of the sixth and seventh seals. That seventh chapter gave us a real breather. Chapter 10 and part of chapter 11 is another similar portion of John’s Revelation.
 Fritz Rienecker & Cleon Rogers, Linguistic Key To The Greek New Testament, (Grand Rapids, MI: Regency Reference Library, 1980), page 831.
 Rienecker, pages 831-832.
 Bauer, Danker, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature, (Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 2000), page 2.
 William R. Newell, The Book Of The Revelation, (Chicago, Illinois: Moody Press, 1935), page 128.
 John Walvoord, The Revelation Of Jesus Christ, (Chicago, Illinois: Moody Press, 1966), pages 162-163.
 Ibid., page 163.
 L. Sale-Harrison, The Remarkable Revelation, (New York: Sale-Harrison Publications, 1930), pages 107-108.
 See Revelation 9.13 in H KAINH DIAQHKH, (London: Trinitarian Bible Society), page 461.
 Lehman Strauss, The Book Of The Revelation, (Neptune, New Jersey: Loizeaux Brothers, 1963), page 195.
 J. Vernon McGee, Reveling Through Revelation, Part I, (Pasadena, CA: Thru The Bible Books, 1979), page 77.
 See “Repentance,” II. NEW TESTAMENT TERMS., 2. Repent — “to Change the Mind”, in International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, (AGES SOFTWAREÔ, INC. · Rio, WI USA · Version 8.0 © 2000)